ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
Regulatory and Distribution Law Updates for the Alcohol Industry
ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
Regulatory and Distribution Law Updates for the Alcohol Industry
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Importing and Exporting Beer

Importing and exporting beer or other alcohol beverages involves multiple levels of government regulation and taxation. Some regulations, taxes, and reporting requirements mirror your existing compliance obligations as a brewery. Other obligations are unique and include government agencies that are not involved in regulating domestic producers, such as US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the Commerce Department. The nations you target for selling or importing can have layers of regulations just as daunting as they are in the United States. Multinational trade agreements, treaties and laws at the national, state, provincial or municipal levels may apply to your activities and govern critical topics, including: Excise and other taxes Product classification and tariffs National support for domestic producers and exports Impediments to trade In addition to government regulation, entering new import or export agreements with businesses requires diligence....

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Winds of Change Blowing for Craft Brewers

For those who follow developments in the law and craft brewing with equal passion, every year has its share of substantial issues. This year has been no exception, with a pending Supreme Court case; a substantial upswing in federal trade practice enforcement activity; a massive rewrite of US Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) labeling and advertising regulations; and prospects for extending the biggest cuts in the excise tax on beer since the repeal of Prohibition. As these developments play out over the next year, we may see changes translate into the marketplace. Find out what you can expect. Access the full article. Originally published in The New Brewer, May/June 2019.

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New CBMA Guidance Further Clarifies Excise Tax Rules for Imported Beverages

Last week Customs & Border Protection (CBP) issued additional guidance on the Craft Beverage Modernization Act (CBMA) rules for applying the CBMA lower excise tax rates (for beer and distilled spirits) and credits (for wine) to alcohol beverages imported from other countries. The new guidance provides further clarity on the procedures required to make claims for drawback (refund) of taxes paid at the non-CBMA rate on product imported since the beginning of calendar 2018. It also indicates that CBP expects to provide additional guidance this month (October) on taking the lower rates and credits contemporaneously with importing additional product going forward. Among other things, CBP apparently will soon publish: (1) a Controlled Group Spreadsheet to track eligibility for the lower rates and credits; and (2) an Assignment Certification that foreign producers must execute and their importers must file in order to claim the CBMA lower rates and credits. In...

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Customs and Border Protection Interim Regulations for Refunds of Excise Taxes on Imported Beer, Wine and Spirits

US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) expects to publish tomorrow Interim Regulations authorizing the refund of beer, wine, and spirits excise taxes in connection with the 2017 tax reform act’s reduced rates and credits. The Interim Regulations specify: Claims must be filed with the National Revenue Center of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). Claims must be filed on TTB Form 5620.8. A separate claim is required for entries made at each US port or internal revenue region. The interim regulations will be effective on the date of publication (expected to be August 16, 2018). CBP also initiated a 60-day comment period that will provide interested parties with opportunities to raise questions or identify issues that are not addressed in the interim regulations. Please let us know if you have any questions about this development.

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CBP Issues Guidance on Alcohol Excise Tax Provisions

Yesterday, Customs & Border Protection (CBP) issued Guidance on the alcohol excise tax provisions contained in the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act (Tax Act). Key points Importers must continue to pay the full excise tax rate (not the rates reduced by the Tax Act’s lower rates or credits) upon importation. CBP and TTB are working on regulations to allow CBP to issue refunds retroactively. In anticipation of the new regulations, CBP advises importers to file protests on liquidated entries where a reduced rate or credit may apply. CBP will not process refund requests any earlier than January 15, 2019. The Guidance includes a detailed list of information an importer will need to provide in order to substantiate its eligibility to receive reduced rates and/or credits. Please let us know if you have any questions about this development.

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TTB Issues Further Alcohol Excise Tax Guidance

On Friday, March 2, 2018, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) issued its next round of guidance concerning the alcohol excise tax provisions of the recently enacted tax law (Tax Act). TTB has not yet addressed some of the biggest ambiguities contained in the Tax Act, such as (i) how foreign producers can assign excise tax credits to US importers and (ii) how the “Single Taxpayer Rule” will work. Nevertheless, TTB continues to make incremental progress in interpreting the Tax Act. The March 2 guidance features the following: A new TTB Industry Circular, No. 2018-1 (March 2, 2018), announces the creation of a temporary “alternate procedure” (aka, variance) allowing wine producers to tax determine and tax pay wine of the winery’s own production stored untaxpaid at another bonded wine cellar as if the wine were removed from the producing winery’s bonded premises. Prior law allowed wineries eligible for tax credits under the small winery tax provisions...

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2018 Federal Budget Legislation Provides Breweries with Administrative Relief and Acknowledges 21st Amendment

Two sections of Craft Beverage Modernization and Tax Reform Act (CBMTRA) that were dropped from the 2017 federal tax reform law were subsequently added to the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, signed into law by President Trump on February 9, 2018. The new law mandates a temporary (two year) change in tax recordkeeping requirements for domestic breweries to eliminate duplicate reports and accounting obligations for breweries that have pub and sampling areas. The intent of the new law is to allow brewers to keep one set of books covering (a) beer removed from brewery for sale for distribution to retailers and (b) beer sold or provided for sampling to consumers at a brewery. Existing regulations and policies led to unnecessary complexity in accounting for brewers and for auditors from the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). While the recordkeeping changes are required for calendar years 2018 and 2019, TTB may be able to make changes in regulations and...

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Additional Rum Cover Over for Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands Approved in 2018 Budget Legislation

Early this morning, both houses of Congress approved the "Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018," complex legislation that includes important modifications to an arcane law known as the "rum cover over," which is an important revenue source for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands (USVI). The temporary excise tax relief provided to distillers in the 2017 federal tax reform law will not diminish the amount of federal excise tax revenue covered over to the treasuries of Puerto Rico and the USVI. The 2017 tax reform law included a two year reduction in the federal distilled spirits excise tax rate from $13.50 per proof gallon to $2.70 per proof gallon on the first 100,000 proof gallons of distilled spirits, and $13.34 per proof gallon on the next 22,130,000 proof gallons produced by each distillery or each controlled group of distilleries. The 2018 Budget Act treats all rum subject to the rum cover over as if it is subject to the full $13.50 per...

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Additional TTB Tax Act Guidance

On Thursday evening, February 1, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) released additional FAQ guidance on the alcohol excise tax provisions of the 2018 tax reform (the Tax Act). Imports: Echoing a January 31 pronouncement by Customs and Border Protection, TTB has instructed importers to continue paying the full rate of excise tax until it can establish the procedures by which foreign producers can assign their tax credits to US importers. TTB promises to give importers the opportunity to seek excise tax relief (refunds) on entries made after the law went into effect, once procedures and guidance have been issued. Wine: TTB interprets the Tax Act’s tiered tax structure as requiring a precise determination of which removals were “first” when deciding how to divide the excise tax credits between the credits (as high as $1/gallon) available for most wines and the credits (only as high as ¢6.2/gallon) available for wine taxed at the “hard cider”...

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Excise Tax Relief for Breweries, Wineries and Distilleries

This post does not constitute tax advice. It summarizes changes in alcohol beverage excise tax laws to assist industry members in planning to implement the changes. Excise tax calculations and liability must be determined for each taxpayer based on numerous variables. The new tax law formerly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, provides a temporary reduction in alcohol beverage excise taxes for US brewers, winemakers, distillers and beverage importers. Temporary tax relief is available for beer, wine and spirits removed from a US manufacturing facility or released from Custom’s custody after January 1, 2018, and prior to December 31, 2019. Several provisions of the new law will require the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) to quickly promulgate new regulations. The new law also modifies existing sections of federal excise tax laws so that commonly owned manufacturers and importers get "one bite at the apple" for each beverage...

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