ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
Regulatory and Distribution Law Updates for the Alcohol Industry
ALCOHOL LAW ADVISOR
Regulatory and Distribution Law Updates for the Alcohol Industry

FDA Issues Guidance on Hops and Wine Grapes

By and on April 5, 2019

The FDA recently issued Guidance announcing its decision to exercise enforcement discretion with regard to the Produce Safety Rule for entities growing, harvesting, packing or holding hops and wine grapes, as well as almonds and pulse crops (dry, edible seeds in the legume family harvested solely in dried form).

More specifically, while the FDA considers rulemaking to address the unique circumstances of these four crops, the FDA does not expect entities growing, harvesting, packing or holding these commodities to meet any of the Produce Safety Regulation requirements with respect to these commodities.

  1. Hops: The FDA’s rationale for exercising enforcement discretion for hops is that hops used in the making of beer receive adequate pathogen reduction through means other than a cook step (e.g., pH, alcohol content and fermentation) and hops are not used outside of the brewing process.
  2. Wine Grapes: For wine grapes exclusively grown for use in winemaking, the FDA believes similarly, i.e., that wine grapes receive adequate pathogen reduction through means other than a cook step citing again pH, alcohol content and fermentation. In addition, the FDA believes that wine grapes grown, harvested and used solely for wine are a sufficiently distinct commodity from table grapes so they can be regulated differently (table grapes remain subject to the Produce Safety Rule). Furthermore, in the law that ended the government shutdown earlier this year, Congress said that no funds may be used to enforce the Produce Safety Rule with respect to grape varietals that are used solely for wine and receive commercial processing that adequately reduces the presence of microorganisms of public health significance. Undoubtedly, this helped move the FDA towards its decision to not enforce the Produce Safety Rule with regard to wine grapes.

The FDA’s guidance is effective immediately.

Christopher M. LahiffChristopher M. Lahiff
Christopher (Chris) M. Lahiff advises clients on matters regarding the regulation of pesticides by the US Environmental Protection Agency as well as of food by the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Department of Agriculture. Read Chris Lahiff's full bio.


Marc SoriniMarc Sorini
Marc E. Sorini concentrates on issues facing the alcohol beverage industry, with a particular focus on the supplier tier and non-beverage alcohol users. He heads the Firm's Alcohol Regulatory & Distribution Group and is recognized as one of the leading lawyers in his field. Read Marc Sorini's full bio.

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